While we highly doubt anyone reading our posts considers hanging our "helicoptering" their dogs as a valid form of punishment, here's some info on how the "alpha" theory of wolf AND dog behavior got disproved.
Included further down the way: "force-based methods (in technical parlance, “positive punishment”) are a piece of operant conditioning, and as the decades have proven, those methods can work. They are especially good at shutting down behaviors – convincing a dog that it’s not safe to do anything unless instructed to do something. And yes, that works with some dogs. With others, not so much." ... See MoreSee Less